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What is Difference between Stored Procedure and Function in SQL Server

Stored Procedures:
Stored Procedures is pre-compile objects which are compiled for first time and its compiled format is saved which executes (compiled code) whenever it is called. 
Function is not pre-compiled object it will execute every time whenever it was called.
Difference between Stored Procedure and Function
  Stored Procedures Function
Basic Difference
1 Stored Procedure it is optional (Procedure can return zero or n values) Function must return single value
2 Stored Procedures can have input/output parameters Functions can have only input parameters
3 Functions can be called from Stored Procedure Stored Procedures cannot be called from Function
Advance Difference
4 Exception can be handled by try-catch block in a stored procedure Exception try-catch block cannot be used in a function

StoredProcedure allows SELECT as well as DML(INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE)

statement in it

Function allows only SELECT statement in it
6 Stored Procedures cannot be utilized in a select statement Function can be embedded in a select statement

Stored Procedures cannot be used in the SQL statements anywhere in the


Function can be used in the SQL statements anywhere in the WHERE/HAVING/SELECT


8 We can go for Transaction Management  in Stored Procedure. We cannot go for Transaction Management in Function
9 Stored Procedure can fire Triggers Function can not fire Triggers.
10 Stored Procedure can create Table variable but can not return table variable Function can create Table variable and return table variable.
11 Print command can be use in stored procedure Function can not be use print command.
12 Store procedure can execute Dynamic SQL Function cant not be execute Dynamic SQL
13 DML and DDL operation can be performed in SP

DML and DDL operatoin can be performed in function  but we can use only select statement

and Insert statement to insert row into table variable

14 Temporary table can be accessed in stored procedure. Temporary Table can be created in SP Temporary Table Can not be accessed in Function. We can not create Temporary in Function


Basic Difference:

Basic Difference Store Procedure And Function
Advance Difference
Advance Difference Store Procedure And Function

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About Author

Brijesh Kumar

Database Developer

I have more then 6 years Experience in Microsoft Technologies - SQL Server Database, ETL Azure Cloud - Azure SQL Database, CosmosDB, Azure Data Factory, PowerBI, Web Job, Azure Function, Azure Storage, Web Apps, Powershall and Database Migration On-Premise to Azure Cloud.
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